|Issue 1, January 2017.
End of Year Wrap-up: 2016 in review
The first year of implementation of Brazil's National REDD+ Strategy
The year 2016 has brought hopeful progress in climate change action. The most important of these was undoubtedly the entry into force of the Paris Agreement signed under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It is in this context of progress that the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment (MMA) has prepared this publication to present how the implementation of the National REDD+ Strategy (ENREDD+) is moving forward.
The following sections present a brief summary of the main advances of 2016.
ENREDD+ presentation event, in April 2016 at MMA Headquarters.
Photo: Paulo de Araújo/MMA.
National REDD+ Committee
CONAREDD+ had its first meeting in April, shortly after its members were officially appointed. The Committee, with representatives from the federal, state and municipal level governments, indigenous peoples, traditional local communities and civil society organizations, held three meetings throughout 2016.
The work of CONAREDD + has been marked by constructive debate and the search for consensus among the different groups represented. This allowed the Committee to define its Rules of Procedure, general principles for the implementation of the National REDD+ Strategy, and the procedures for the creation of its Thematic Advisory Boards (CCT), presented below.
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Thematic Advisory Boards
The Thematic Advisory Boards (CCT) have the role of supporting CONAREDD+ in its definitions related to different themes. The CCT also allow for broadening and diversifying the debates that provide the basis for CONAREDD+ decisions, through the participation of experts and representatives from civil society, indigenous peoples, academia, public and private entities.
The selection of 30 members for each CCT was carried out in September, based on the criteria defined by CONAREDD+’s Resolutions No. 1, 2, 3 and 4. The selection call had around 140 applicants.
- Thematic Advisory Board on Fundraising and Distribution of Non Reimbursable Resources (CCT-CDRNR)
The CCT-CDRNR has been working on a proposal to structure a program to allow for the direct access to results-based payments by entities from the federal government and the governments of the Amazonian states. To enable the decentralization of fundraising for results-based payments the CCT-CDRNR is producing inputs on guidelines, rules and criteria for the eligibility of entities, the fundraising procedures and the use of resources from results-based payments. These inputs will support and inform CONAREDD+ decisions on this matter.
The Work Plan for this CCT was the outcome of the first meeting, held in October. The second meeting, held in December, defined a proposal for the distribution of fundraising allowances for REDD+ results-based payments, which will be submitted to the consideration of the CONAREDD+ in March 2017.
The next meeting of this CCT, scheduled for February 2017, will address the eligibility criteria for federal and state entities interested in having direct access to results-based payments.
- Thematic Advisory Board on Federative Relations (CCT-Pact)
The CCT-Pact produces inputs to support and inform CONAREDD+ decisions aimed at promoting convergence and complementarity among climate change and forest related policies at the federal, state and municipal levels. It also enables the active engagement of state representatives from all Brazilian biomes in the implementation of the ENREDD+.
The first meeting, held in October, focused on ensuring initial conceptual alignment, in preparation for the ensuing work. The second meeting, held in December, defined the Work Plan and provided an opportunity for the State of Acre to present its experience in the implementation of REDD+ policies at the state level. The next meeting will address a survey proposal to identify current state level REDD+ initiatives.
- Thematic Advisory Board on the Safeguards (CCT-Salv)
The CCT-Salv produces inputs to support and inform CONAREDD+ decisions and processes to address the REDD+ safeguards, such as the preparation of the Safeguards Information Summary, to be submitted to the UNFCCC, and the development of the Safeguards Information System.
The MMA, as Executive Secretariat of the CONAREDD+, held two webinars with the CCT, one in October and the other in November, to promote initial conceptual alignment for the ensuing work. The Work Plan of this CCT was defined on its first meeting, held in December. The next step will be a Workshop to address the conceptualization of REDD+ safeguards in the Brazilian context, scheduled for February 2017.
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Technical Working Group of Experts on REDD+ (GTT REDD+)
The GTT REDD+ is the body responsible for promoting discussions on technical issues and for supporting the development of Brazil's REDD+ technical submissions to the UNFCCC. The Group is composed of experts on issues such as forests, climate, ecology, mapping and international negotiations under the UNFCCC.
The GTT REDD+ held three meetings in 2016, in March, June and December. The focus was on the Cerrado biome, aimed at preparing the submission of a forest reference emission level (FREL) for deforestation in the biome, and the second REDD+ Technical Annex with the results achieved in reducing emissions from deforestation in the Amazonia biome in the period 2011-2015.
In 2017, the work will aim at making progress towards the development of reference levels for the other Brazilian biomes, Atlantic Forest, Caatinga, Pantanal and Pampas, with the ultimate goal of completing a national FREL for deforestation by 2020.
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Green Climate Fund
The Green Climate Fund (GCF), an important component of the UNFCCC financial mechanism, should play a key role to channel REDD+ results-based payments. The Fund should provide more than USD $ 10 billion in climate finance to developing countries by 2020 and is currently working on a framework to operationalize REDD+ results-based payments.
Throughout 2016, the Climate Change and Forests Unit (GMCF) of the MMA represented Brazil in international discussions aimed at providing the basis for the operationalization process. Brazil believes that the operationalization process should take place in full compliance with the procedures established by the Warsaw Framework for REDD+ and other decisions agreed under the UNFCCC.
The GCF should now conduct consultations with experts and stakeholders to collect inputs and suggestions on the procedures. The next meeting of the GCF’s Board, schedule for April 2017, should discuss a call for proposals for REDD+ results-based payments.
Brazil intends to submit a proposal to receive REDD+ results-based payments under this call for proposals.
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14th meeting of the Green Climate Fund Council in Songdo City, South Korea, in October 2016.
Photo: Letícia Guimarães/MMA.
South-South cooperation can generate solutions to common challenges and strengthen institutional, technical and scientific capacities. The MMA is currently working in partnership with the Brazilian Cooperation Agency (ABC) to develop the "Brazilian South-South Cooperation on Climate Change and Forests Program" with a focus on REDD+. Developing countries in Africa and South America are the targeted potential beneficiaries, especially the Portuguese-speaking countries. The initiative aims to contribute to Brazil´s South-South cooperation commitments made through its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC).
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Debates on the implementation of REDD+ in Brazil and in the world
The Ministry of the Environment had the opportunity of representing Brazil in a series of events that addressed issues related to the implementation of REDD+ in Brazil and in the world. A brief list of the main events is presented below:
- Oslo REDD+ Exchange
Every 3 years, people from around the world gather in Oslo for the world's largest REDD+ event, held by the Government of Norway. The last event, in June 2016, promotes a series of debates on a wide range of topics related to the implementation of REDD+ - a great opportunity for policy makers and practitioners to learn from each other’s experiences. A debate on the implementation of REDD+ in Brazil was one of the main features last year.
- 23rd Session of the Committee on Forestry of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Brazil delivered a presentation on the importance of REDD+ as an incentive to forest conservation and on the need to pursue transparency and consistency in the Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) process of REDD+ results. The event took place in Rome, Italy, in July 2016.
- COP 22
The Climate Change and Forests Unit organized the event "National REDD+ Strategy: from a subnational to a national approach" during the 22nd Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC in Marrakesh, Morocco, November 2016. The event promoted discussion on the implementation of the Warsaw Framework for REDD+ by Brazil, the definition of a management structure for the ENREDD+ and the use of REDD+ results-based payments as means for the implementation of Brazil’s NDC.
ENREDD+ event held during COP-22 in Morocco.
Twice a year, the MMA will prepare a brief of the main advances in the implementation of the National REDD+ Strategy, which will be available in the Publications section of the REDD+ Brasil website.
2017 will be a year full of challenges for the effective implementation of Brazil's National REDD+ Strategy. We hope to continue advancing and we count on your participation!