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September 16, 2019
28 States Have Adopted Annual Registration Fees for EVs
Source: EV Hub
States across the country are using EVs as scapegoats for declining revenue for transportation infrastructure, according to a new report from Consumer Reports. The findings agree with our earlier observations from March and May on several bills being considered in state legislatures: EV drivers are often paying disproportionate fees compared to drivers of equivalent gasoline vehicles. In total, 28 states have now implemented some form of additional registration fee for EVs. Consumer Reports found that existing and proposed fees in 26 states would require EV drivers to pay up to three times the amount that owners of new gasoline-powered vehicles pay in annual gas taxes for a new car in 2025.

In 2018, EV sales accounted for just over two percent of the national auto market with just over 360,000 vehicles sold. In their Annual Energy Outlook for 2019, the U.S. Energy Information Administration estimated EV sales of 1,276,000 by 2025. Even under the more aggressive assumption of 11 percent EV market share, Consumer Reports estimated the relatively small number of EVs on the road in 2025 would only generate 0.3 percent of total state highway funding. Based on these findings, it appears that annual fees, even when higher than gas tax revenue from an equivalent internal combustion vehicle, will not address the issue of highway budget shortfalls.

Eleven states including Illinois, Kansas, Hawaii, Iowa, Utah, Wyoming, Alabama, Arkansas, Ohio, North Dakota, and Washington have passed legislation establishing new fees or increasing existing ones in 2019. Eleven states have implemented or are considering annual registration fees of $200 or more. This list includes states like Wyoming, Alabama, Arkansas, and West Virginia, each of which rank in the bottom ten in terms of EV deployment per person among all states. All these states are among those with the most punitive fees according to the Consumer Reports study. High EV fees are also being considered in stronger EV markets. Earlier this year, lawmakers in Illinois, which ranks ninth out of all states in terms of total EV sales, proposed an EV fee of $1,000.

The general argument has been that EVs are not paying their fair share since they do not pay gasoline taxes. The fees being imposed in some cases, however, are significantly higher than what is paid by an equivalent gasoline vehicle. As we said in March, a Toyota Prius driver in Georgia traveling 10,000 miles per year would only pay $75 in gas taxes compared to the $214 registration fees paid by EV drivers. These fees are punitive, especially considering EV drivers already contribute to state infrastructure revenue through general fund appropriations, tolls, property taxes, and other measures tracked in the Road Network Funding Dashboard.

The list of states with highly fees is likely to increase with seven states considering new fees that would be more than two times as high as the average amount drivers of conventional vehicles would pay in annual gas taxes. Punitive EV fees could influence consumer decisions and slow down efforts by automakers and policymakers in many states to accelerate local EV markets. In the EV stronghold of California, researchers found that an annual EV fee of $100 could lead to a 20 percent decline in EV sales in the short term. This comes at a time when states’ ability to regulate tailpipe emissions at the state and local levels is being challenged by the federal government. We’ll continue to monitor state legislation in this area and mapping EV fee developments across the country. Let us know if there are any bills we are missing from our State Legislation Tracker.  
 
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EV Registration Data for 5 States Updated!

Data on electric vehicle registrations is the single-most requested piece of data we get for the EV Hub. Good public policy on transportation electrification demands that we know where the vehicles are located and how that’s changing over time. With this in mind, we’re working with local stakeholders nationwide to identify a process to collect this information in a way the protects privacy and share it publicly.

The data for New York, New Jersey, Texas, Washington, and Vermont has bee updated. Download the EV registration data for free or use our VIN decoder for your own analyses.

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EV Hub News

California Energy Commission Approves $95 Million for EV Charging and Alternative Fuel Infrastructure

On September 11, 2019, the California Energy Commission (CEC) announced the approval of $95 million in new investments to go towards clean transportation programs throughout the state. The investments will contribute to CEC’s Clean Transportation Program that seeks to accelerate progress towards the state’s climate and clean transportation goals.

The $62.7 million being invested in EV charging infrastructure increases the state’s total public funding for EV charging to almost $200 million according to the Public Funding Awards dashboardRead More Here

Washington State Launches $2.25 Million Charging Infrastructure Program for Government Agencies

On September 4, 2019, the Washington State Department of Ecology announced a new round of VW Settlement funding targeting state and local government facilities. The program seeks to accelerate EV adoption in both public and private vehicle fleets throughout the state by expanding access to public charging sited at government facilities

Overall, 15 percent of the state’s total funds, roughly $16 million, is available to expand the charging network. Read More Here

Dominion Energy to Invest in More Than 1000 Electric School Buses

On August 29, 2019, Dominion Energy announced a new commitment to help school districts in their service territories replace diesel school buses with electric models. The initiative will lead to the replacement of 50 buses in the first phase and Dominion will add another 200 electric school buses every year for the next five years.

Dominion serves customers across eight states including Idaho, North Carolina, Wyoming, West Virginia, Virginia, South Carolina, Ohio, and Utah. The utility has issued an RFP to select a bus manufacturer and applications for school districts will open September 5, 2019. Read More Here

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Job Openings
Below are current job openings in transportation electrification: If you have a job posting you would like to share with EV Hub users, please send them to us in an email at info@atlasevhub.com.
Upcoming Events

TDEC will host an application workshop for the Transit and Shuttle Bus Grant Program on September 17. Representatives of transit agencies, transit or shuttle bus contractors, and other interested persons are encouraged to attend and learn about the application process and program terms and conditions, including project eligibility, timelines for implementation, and reporting requirements. Read More Here

September 17th from 9:00am-12:00pm CT @ William R. Snodgrass Tennessee Tower in Nashville, TN

This event, which was formerly known as the Midwest Green Fleets Forum & Expo, has been renamed to broaden its focus on advanced transportation – and the opportunities and challenges – that fleet owners, commercial developers, employers, manufacturers, utilities, planners, and policy makers are facing today. Read More Here

September 18th-20th @ Marriott Columbus University Area in Columbus, OH

Solar Power International, Energy Storage International, and North America Smart Energy Week is the premier business-to-business event for professionals in the solar energy, energy storage, smart energy, hydrogen and related fields. Read More Here

September 23rd-26th @ Salt Palace Convention Center in Salt Lake City, UT

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