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March 18, 2019
New EV Fees Popping Up Nationwide
State Max Annual Fee (Plug-in Hybrids) Max Annual Fee (All-Electrics) Link
Alabama $150 $200 HB 2
Arkansas $100 $200 SB 336
Arizona $80 $198 HB 2536
Iowa $65 $130 SSB 1208
Kansas $75 $150 SB 189
Minnesota $125 $250 SF 1409
Missouri $210 $210 SB 201
Nebraska $125 $125 LB 366
Nevada $100 $100 SB 114
New Hampshire $111 $111 HB 478
New Mexico $15 $25 HB 185
North Dakota $50 $110 SB 2061
Ohio $100 $200 HB 62
Oklahoma $60 $150 HB 1950
Texas $100 $200 HB 2513
Vermont /kWh /kWh HB 471
Wisconsin $75 $100 SB 59
Washington $200 $350 SB 5971
Wyoming $200 $200 HB 0166
Table shows emerging legislations and trends for 2019 only. Compiled by Atlas Public Policy.

Before 2019, 20 states had already enacted annual registration fees on electric vehicles. New developments in 2019, outlined in the table above, have the potential to add 11 states to that list. For context, only 2 new states passed fees in 2018.

EVs are being targeted to fill transportation funding gaps resulting from declining motor fuel taxes. According to David Greene at the University of Tennessee, this decline stems primarily from inflation and increased fleet fuel economy. Annual registration fees for EVs are seen as one option to recover a portion of this lost revenue that funds vital transportation projects. Despite the active debates like the one playing out in Alabama concerning the effectiveness of these fees at combating funding problems, the momentum in state legislatures is undeniable.

Annual fees are seen as a way for EV drivers to pay their fair share towards funding the road network. Calculating the loss in motor fuel tax revenues from driving an EV is straightforward and reveals that fees already in place and under consideration often far exceed what can be considered “fair.” A Georgian driving an efficient Toyota Prius for 10,000 miles per year, for example, would pay less than $75 in gas taxes per year. An EV driver in the state would pay $214 regardless of how far they traveled.

Punitive fees like those in Georgia could discourage EV adoption, though the effects are still murky. Once among the fastest growing EV markets in the country, Georgia experienced a 90% drop in EV sales after ending its $5,000 tax credit and enacting the sizeable annual fee for all-electrics. A University of California Davis report published early this year found that a proposed annual fee of $100 for EV drivers in California could decrease EV purchases by a considerable amount (up to 24 percent) in the near term. The study found that these effects decrease over time as awareness of the fees becomes widespread.

The existing road network is funded through a variety of mechanisms, including general fund appropriations, motor fuel taxes, tolls, property taxes, and other measures. EV drivers already contribute to road funding through all of these means except motor fuel taxes, which account for only 35 percent of total revenue raised for roads according to the Federal Highway Administration. The transportation funding community is actively exploring solutions to the sizeable funding gaps and are best positioned to address the issue.

For EVs, the increased activity in state legislatures around fees looks to be more about hampering EV adoption than about sustainably funding the road network. We’re actively working on new dashboards to help you make sense of our how roads are funded today and to make it easier to track legislation related to EVs. Stay tuned as we pull these data together and make it more accessible to our users.
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EV Hub Adds Vermont Registration Data 
We're constantly adding new datasets to the EV Hub as well as improving your access to key data. We've just added vehicle registration data for Vermont to the EV & Charging Market Dashboard, marking the tenth state to join our effort to make these data available to all. The data from Vermont includes EV registrations by make and model at the ZIP code level. We'll be getting new data directly from the State of Vermont on a quarterly basis. Visit the dashboard to compare EV and charging deployment across 10 states. Please let us know what you think! 

Reminder: check out our Release Notes to see what's changed on EV Hub.
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Registration Discount for Roadmap 12
Register now for Roadmap 12!

Atlas has partnered with Forth on Roadmap 12, the best electric vehicle conference in the United States (in our opinion!). Join us from June 18-19 in beautiful Portland, Oregon for a graduate course in electric vehicle deployment and to advance transportation electrification efforts across the nation.

Use our special discount code (ATLAS) to receive $75 off your registration fee. Find out more and register today online at

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Media Pulse
Our choice clips from last week:
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EV Hub News

New Jersey Announces VW Settlement Funding for EV Charging and Electric Transit Buses

On February 28, 2019, the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection announced that $11.2 M of the state’s VW Environmental Mitigation Trust Funds had been allocated to electric vehicle charging stations and electric transit buses.

NJ TRANSIT will receive $8 million to purchase eight new electric transit buses to be used in the City of Camden. The remaining $3.2 million will fund 827 charging ports at 533 charging stations across the state as part of the It Pay$ to Plug In program. The funding will support 40 Level 1 charging stations, 487 Level 2 charging stations, and 6 DC fast charging stations. Read More Here

Hawaii Releases Draft Mitigation Plan

On Friday March 1st, the Hawaii  State Energy Office published its Beneficiary Mitigation Plan. The plan was submitted to the Wilmington Trust back on January 9th but was only recently made publicly accessible on their website. Electrification accounted for 66 percent of the state’s $8.12 million from the settlement. Read More Here

Mississippi Releases VW Draft Beneficiary Mitigation Plan

On February 15, 2019 the Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ) released its draft mitigation plan that lays out the state’s strategy for spending its $9.87 million share of the Environmental Mitigation Trust. The breakdown of the spending priorities by mitigation action are below. Notably, Mississippi has allocated only 10% of the maximum 15% that can be allocated towards EVSEs. 

The MDEQ is holding three public hearings to allow the public comment on the plan. View the EV Hub Calendar event for details. Read More Here

Catch Up On EV Hub News Alerts
Job Openings
Below are current job openings in transportation electrification: If you have a job posting you would like to share with EV Hub users, please send them to us in an email at
Upcoming Events

Three public hearings have been scheduled in March to provide opportunity for the public to comment on the state’s Mitigation Plan describing Mississippi’s goals and strategies in spending its portion of funds from the Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Trust. This is the second.  Read More Here

March 21st @ 1:30pm CST in the Bolton State Office Public Meeting Room, Biloxi, MS

Affordability is a key factor in the acceleration of electric vehicle adoption. At the Forth March workshop, guest speakers will discuss current and future EV financing programs and highlight the successes and challenges from EV financing pilots. Read More Here

March 21st @ 4pm PST at Ecotrust in Portland, OR 

Three public hearings have been scheduled in March to provide opportunity for the public to comment on the state’s Mitigation Plan describing Mississippi’s goals and strategies in spending its portion of funds from the Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Trust. This is the third and final one. Read More Here

March 26th @ 1:30pm CST in the Batesville Public Library, Batesville, MS

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